Lives were changed because of events and decisions on a single afternoon.
A troubled child was crashed to an unforgiving floor three … four … maybe five times, and on the final time Montravious Thomas suffered an injury so severe that within a month doctors had to amputate one of his legs.
That was the pinnacle event.
But before and after that tragic moment in Room 109 at a Muscogee County alternative school were a series of actions and choices that together create a graphic mosaic.
People around the world have been introduced to the 13-year-old middle school kid who faces a future without his right leg. But his was not the only pathway altered that afternoon at the Edgewood Student Service Center.
A mother of three lost her job because she chose to stay at an Atlanta hospital with her son. The tactics of a former college linebacker have been questioned and so has the decision of a group of educators not to call an ambulance for an injured student. A public school system faces a lawsuit that could add up to millions of dollars.
Using documents obtained from credible sources within the Muscogee County School District, interviews with lawyers and educators and reports from a variety of news outlets, All On Georgia-Muscogee has compiled a detailed timeline that sheds light on what happened before and after Sept. 12.
Reports filed immediately after the altercation between the student and behavior specialist Bryant Mosley are important pieces to the puzzle. Copies of emails provide context. Comments from educators show different points of view.
This timeline is not analytical. It is being published so interested observers can draw their own conclusions about the horrible incident and how both sides have handled it.
And to understand the events, you must know the cast of characters:
MEET THE CAST
Montravious Thomas — a student who prior to Sept. 12 attended East Columbus Magnet Academy.
Lawanda Thomas — a mother of three who was employed by a temp service in Columbus.
Bryant Mosley — a behavior specialist for Mentoring & Behavioral Services.
Zehra S. Malone — a special education teacher.
Phyllis Fox — Para-Pro
Melvin Blackwell — Chief Student Services Officer.
Ronald Wiggins — Chief, Regional Office
Reginald Griffin — AIM Principal.
Eddie Powell — AIM Assistant Principal.
Lt. Consuelo Askew — a Columbus Police officer and part time Student Resource Officer.
Mary Lewis — Director, Special Education.
Sharen Kelly — Program Manager, Exceptional Students.
Robin Barber — Program Specialist, Exceptional Students.
Valerie Fuller — Director of Communications & Open Records Officer for the MCSD.
Greg Ellington and Melanie Slaton — Attorneys for Hall Booth Smith, the firm that represents the school district.
Forrest B. Johnson and Renee Tucker — Attorneys for Forrest B. Johnson & Associates, the firm that represents Montravious and Lawanda Thomas.
September 2016 — Montravious Thomas and another East Columbus Magnet Academy student are temporarily reassigned to the AIM Program at the Edgewood Student Service Center.
Sept. 7, 9:46 p.m. — Wiggins spoke with the mother of the other ECMA student being sent to Edgewood. She was concerned that neither her son’s transportation to AIM nor his classes were set up..
Sept. 8, 9:31 a.m. — Griffin offered an update on the ECMA students. He said there would be a substitute special ed teacher available but no para pro. He said no one at AIM was trained on restraints and that they needed two computers — not laptops. “The county must support AIM to accommodate these students,” Griffin wrote. “We are setting these students up for failure without the proper supports/materials … There is no way the 12th deadline can be accomplished at the present pace.”
Sept. 12, 11:40 a.m. — A school bus picked up Montravious at home for a 12-noon class at Edgewood.
Sept. 12, 1:00 p.m. — Memo from Malone said students in Room 109 were on a modified day. The first student would arrive in the morning and Montravious would arrive at midday. Montravious was to enter the front door, be escorted to class and eat lunch in his room. Each student was to be supervised at all times and escorted to the restroom. Students are working on a point system and are to receive constant monitoring, she said. “If for any reason there is an altercation the appropriate Mindset Trained staff will intervene along with the Student Resource Office. Do not attempt to restraint the student unless you have received Mindset training. Please limit your visits. It is preferred that only staff members working with these students be in the classroom.”
Sept. 12, 1:45 p.m. — Powell was notified that support was needed in Room 109.
Sept. 12, 2:52 p.m. — After Mosley carried the student to the school bus, the driver brought Montravious home and his mother noticed he was limping. She examined his right leg and said his kneecap was obviously out of place.
Sept. 12, 3:30 p.m. — Montravious arrived at the Midtown Medical Center in Columbus. He is examined and tested and doctors soon determine he has a broken leg, damaged arteries and a dislocated kneecap.
Sept. 12, 4:39 p.m. — Wiggins emailed this question: “Any problems today that I need to be made aware?”
Sept. 12, 11 p.m. — The student arrives at Egleston Children’s Hospital in Atlanta after being airlifted from Columbus. He undergoes the first of five operations that he will have in the next 36 days.
Sept. 12-13 — Para Pro Phyllis Fox — a witness to the event — filed two incident reports. She said the student attempted to leave the classroom several times through the door and a window. She said Mosley “tried talking the student out of his behavior,” that the student “picked up property that did not belong to him and walked on furniture.” Describing the restraint, Fox said Mosley “wrapped his arms around the student and took him to the ground multiple times.” When instructed she set a timer. “During the last restraint the student complained about his leg and was released.” Fox filed a second report on Sept. 13. She said when Montravious got to the school he “was only slightly verbal.” She said she repeated questions several times and had to prompt him. The student was supposed to work for 20 minutes followed by a five-minute recess. After his first 5-minute recess, the student refused to return to his scheduled work period. She said Mosely reminded him that he would document each time he refused to follow instructions. “I attempted to get someone to the classroom multiple times,” she stated. Eventually, Malone, Powell and Askew appeared. According to Fox, “Malone stayed to observe.” Mosley was in a timed event and when the student was allowed to get up he went for the weapon again and had to be restrained a final time. “He stated his leg hurt and was released. Mosley placed him on the chair.” She said attempts were made to contact a parent and that the student was given (an) ice pack for his leg. He was carried out to the bus.”
Sept 13. 8:07 a.m. — Griffin sent an email reminding colleagues he was on a religious holiday and said he had been informed that a student was restrained.
Sept. 13, 8:24 a.m. — Malone sent an email and attached the incident report completed by Mosley. Based on information provided by the teacher and Mosley the student attempted to leave the classroom, pacing and picking up items at approximately 2 p.m. Mosley tried to verbally deescalate the student prior to using restraint. Malone said she attempted to call the parent, but all numbers on file and in Infinite Campus were disconnected. Administration and the Student Resource Officer were called to the classroom. The student was released on the bus.
Sept 13, 8:30 a.m. — Lawanda Thomas came to Edgewood and asked to speak with an administrator. Malone called Powell on a handheld radio. “What happened to my boy?” she asked. Mrs. Thomas informed Powell that her son was injured the day before while at school. He told her he would review surveillance tapes.
Sept. 13, 8:43 a.m. — Malone reported that Mrs. Thomas came to AIM that morning and said her son was injured during the restraint process.
Sept. 13, 8:45 a.m. — Malone informed superiors that Lawnda Thomas came to AIM that morning and informed them that her son was injured during the restraint process. She said he was taken to a local hospital and airlifted to Atlanta. Malone said she had contacted Dr. Powell and program manager Dr. Kelly.
Sept. 13, 9:06 a.m. — Emails from Malone to Griffin, Wiggins and Kelly Sharen let them know they were inadvertently left off the communications with responding to the initial email.
Sept. 13, 9:45 a.m. — Powell sent an email concurring that he was not apprised of the incident the afternoon until the following morning so he was not able to process documents for Principal Reginald Griffin.
Sept. 13, 9:54 a.m. — Wiggins sent an email asking staff at Edgewood whether anybody reached out to the mother to check on the condition of the child.
Sept. 13, 2:37 p.m. — A request that certain videos should be saved was sent to Norman W. Cook. It specified which cameras and which times.
Sept. 13 — Blackwell filed an injury report with the Georgia Department of Human Services. It said a student was restrained in a classroom at Edgewood on Sept. 12 at approximately 2 p.m. It describes Mosley restraining the child at least times and reports Montravious picking up the handle of a metal dustpan “and swinging aggressively.” When the child said his leg was hurt he was helped to a sofa in the room. Malone provided ice and a hot towel and attempted to contact his mother “without success.” The morning after the incident Lawanda Thomas came to the school. She was told about the incident and she said he was injured and that after taking him to a hospital in Columbus he was sent to Atlanta for further treatment. The report indicates the School Resource Officer and the school administrator were called to the classroom where the incident happened.
Sept. 13 — Mosley filed a signed incident report. He wrote that Montravious was pacing around the room and picking up items. Mosley said he first “used least restrictive measures” but that the student “became physically aggressive.” Mosley said the last restraint ended after 10 seconds “because of the way the BS implemented the hold to avoid getting hit by a long stick and spit on.”
Sept. 13 — Lt. Consuelo Askew — the school resource officer — filed a police report. The case remains open.
Sept 13 — Fuller normally sends out immediate notification of any significant event. That was not done in this case.
Sept 14 — School board attorneys interview staff members at Edgewood.
Sept. 20, 2:54 p.m. — Malone requested a hospital teacher for Montravious
Sept. 20 — Lawanda Thomas hires the law firm of Forrest B. Johnson & Associates and attorney Renee Tucker is assigned the case.
Sept 21 — School district presented the first of two Open Records requests from Johnson & Associates.
Sept 23 12:06 p.m. — Fuller reported to Ellington that she had received an Open Records request from Johnson & Associates.
Sept. 29, 4:33 p.m. — Certified letters from the Johnson law firm were received informing school administrators and the school board that a lawsuit involving an incident at the AIM program was planned.
Oct. 10 — Slaton let the board know about the Sept. 12 incident at a closed meeting that followed the regular board meeting.
Oct 11 — Letters from the Johnson firm that arrived on Sept. 29 were personally delivered to board members by a courier due to an internal oversight.
Oct. 13, 9:22 a.m. — All On Georgia-Muscogee contacted Fuller for the first time and in an email requested an update on the incident at Edgewood. The first article was posted that morning.
Oct. 13, 2:09 p.m. — Fuller responded and said, “The district respectfully declines to comment on pending or threatened litigation.”
Oct. 16 — On Sunday morning doctors told Montravious and his mother that they would have to take his leg on Tuesday.
Oct. 18, 11:14 a.m. — On the morning that the amputation was scheduled, a school district release said: “We extend our thoughts and prayers to our student who is undergoing medical treatment and to his family.”
Oct. 18, 4:32 p.m. — Adding on to that earlier statement, Fuller said the person involved in the incident “is not an employee of the Muscogee County School District.” Bryant Mosley was a contractor provided by Mentoring and Behavioral Services — a contract provider to the MCSD. She said he “is not presently providing services.”
Oct. 18, 6-10 p.m. — In a four-hour operation doctors at Egleston Children’s Hospital in Atlanta amputated the student’s right leg just below the knee.
Oct. 21 — A news release issued by Fuller said after the incident on Sept. 12 the student was walking around and without distress.
Oct. 23, 8:30 a.m. — All On Georgia-Muscogee posted exclusive surveillance video from the school taken on Sept 12 that showed the teenager being carried up the hall and loaded bodily on to a school bus.
Oct. 27, 4:11 p.m. — Ellington denied the Ledger-Enquirer’s Open Records Request for surveillance videos claiming they are part of a student’s personal records. The attorney told the newspaper that video posted by All On Georgia-Muscogee was not released by the MCSD. “The video is obviously an incomplete picture of the events of the afternoon,” he said.
Oct. 27 — Fuller issued a press release that said the All On Georgia-Muscogee video was not inconsistent with information previously released by the district that the student was not in distress and was walking after the administration of the restraint.
Oct. 30 — Attorneys from Johnson & Associates were invited to Columbus by school board lawyers to view a 25 minute surveillance video that showed Mosley slamming the child to the floor five times instead of three. The tape was shown but not released.